Dokdo vs. Takeshima
Dokdo is a Korean terriorty but Japan insist on that it belongs to the following reason. I briefed the details of complaints of Japan and Korea's counter claim
1. Recogniztion of island
Japan argue that the name of Dokdo changed much. But Korean recognized Dokdo is a parts of Korean terriotory from the following documents.
(1) the island can be clearly seen in Ulreungdo whereas it could not been seen in Oki Isaland
Korean acknowledged the existance of this island from the following documents
1) "Samguksagi(History of the Three Kingdoms: 1145) ",
2) "Sejong Sillok Jiriji (Geographical Appendix to the Veritable Records of King Sejong: 1454)",
3) "Sinjeung Dongguk Yeoji Seungnam (ARevised Edition of the Augmented Survey of the Geography of Korea: 1531)",
4) "Dongguk Munheonbigo (Study of Korean Documents: 1770)"
5) "Mangi Yoram (Handbook of State Affairs: 1808) " and
6) "Jeungbo Munheonbigo (Augmented Study of Documents: 1908)",
2. Visiting permission
Japan argue that in the year of 1618, a local gioverner of Japan issued a permission to visit dokdo to Jinkichi Ohya and Ichibei Murakawa families .
But they are ignoring 2 facts
(1) 1592, Japan invaded Korea and bothered uis much and Korean govenrment evacuated the island for Japanese pirates.
(2) The permission is rather passport and visa to another country.
(3) The permission is only for one year and it is rather acquired by bribes and it is against national wide policy.
3. An Yong bok Story
In the yaer of 1696, Ahn Yong-Bok confessed that while in Japan he had acquired a written document from the Edo Takeshima as territories of Korea. He also confessed that this document was later confiscated by the lord of Tsushima.
(1) Mr. An might lost the document but many Koreanj and Japanese documents shows that he visited Japan because of Dokdo affairs.
4. Takeshima Ikken
the Shogunate decided to prohibit passage to Utsuryo Island in January 1696, judging that it is in the best interest of Japan to maintain favorable relations with Korea, The Tsushima clan was directed to convey this decision to the Korean side. The course of these negotiations concerning the attribution of Utsuryo Island is known generally as the "Takeshima Ikken (The Affair of Takeshima)."
(1) Recent evidence shows that Japan prohibitied any sales to Dokdo(Takeshima)
4. Imperial Ordinance
the stipulations of Imperial Ordinance No. 41 of 1900, not only was the name Utsuryo Island to be changed to
Utsu Island (pronounced Uldo in Korean), but that the monitoring of the island would be henceforth undertaken by a county magistrate. Some researchers point out that this ordinance stipulates that the region under the jurisdiction of Utsuryo County included "all of Ulleungdo (Utsuryo Island), Jukdo (Takeshima) and Seokdo (Ishijima)," (the
names of the islands are written in Chinese characters (ideogram)) and that, while this "Jukdo" refers to a small island called "Chikusho" adjacent to Utsuryo Island, "Seokdo" (literally meaning “stone island”) actually corresponds to the current "Dokdo."
(1) The name of the Dokdo is recently titled but the Seokso is identical with Dokdo.
5. Tax issues
Japanese fisherman paid tax to Korean government before it was proclaimed as Japanese territory in the year of 1905.
6. Only at 1905
the Governor of Shimane Prefecture published in February 1905 that Takeshima was officially named as "Takeshima" and that it came under the jurisdiction of the Okinoshima branch.
=> At that time,Korean government already had lost its diplomatic power.And Korean government made argument on that, The declanation of Korean goverment is early in 5 years.
7. US bombing range
In July 1950, while Japan was still under Allied occupation, the supreme command for allied Powers designated Takeshima as a bombing range for U.S. Forces by an instruction note (SCAPIN-2160).
-> US army did not clearly understand historic and geographical background at that time. In 2012. US secratory of state Hillary Clinton said that this issues should be resolved peacefully betwen the 2 countries.
8. San Francisco Peace treaty
The San Francisco Peace Treaty, signed in September 1951, stipulates that “Japan, recognizing the independence of Korea, renounces all right, title and claim to Korea, including the islands of Quelpart, Port Hamilton and Dagelet."
Korean embassor asked US to add Dokdo, but it was not added on the treaty. But many small island in other countries were not added niether.
7. US Assistant Secretarty of State for Far Eastern Affairs
In 1995. the United States responded to the letter by a letter from Dean Rusk, United States Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs to Ambassador Yang. The content of the response was, "...the United States Government does not feel that the Treaty (San Francisco Peace Treaty) should 9, 1945 constituted a formal or final renunciation of sovereignty by Japan over the areas dealt with in the Declaration. As regards the island of Dokdo, otherwise known as Takeshima or Liancourt Rocks, this normally uninhabited rock formation was according to our information never treated as part of Korea and, since about Prefecture of Japan. The island does not appear ever before to have been claimed by Korea."
(1) The Korean territory is at war and we could not provide enough information tio us.
(2) US army did not clearly understand historic and geographical background at that time. In 2012. US secratory of state Hillary Clinton said that this issues should be resolved peacefully betwen the 2 countries.
8. Korean's dispatch of coast guard
In June 1954, the Ministry of Home Affairs of the ROK announced that the ROK Coast Guard had urgently dispatched a permanent battalion on Takeshima. In August of the same year a vessel of the Maritime Safety Agency on patrol in the
9. US is not impartial to Japan
In the year of 2012, US asked that Korean and Japan to solve this issues amicablly. And they are not for Japan regarding this issues.